Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement Iaea
The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) was launched for signature in 1968 and entered into force in 1970. The Non-Proliferation Treaty defines the nuclear-weapon States as the United States of America, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the People`s Republic of China, the Russian Federation and France. The treaty obliges signatories to become members of the IAEA. The nuclear-weapon States were responsible for the work on disarmament, and the non-nuclear-weapon States must submit to IAEA security measures. The treaty requires non-nuclear-weapon States to conclude comprehensive security agreements in accordance with INFCIRC 153. The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty is at the heart of global efforts to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons.  Under Article III of the 1968 NPT (NPT), all states parties without nuclear weapons are required to conclude with the IAEA a safeguards agreement called the Comprehensive Safeguard Agreement (CSA or INFCIRC/153). However, all five have signed voluntary safeguards agreements allowing the IAEA to apply safeguard measures to materials located in selected eligible facilities. These are nuclear materials and civilian sites. The five nuclear-weapon States have also concluded additional protocols to the voluntary security agreements. IAEA safeguard measures do not prohibit additional safeguard measures, bilateral or multilateral. .